Smallwood Primary School and
Language Unit


Our purpose

At Smallwood Primary School, we aim to deliver high-quality history education that will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world.

We inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past.

Early Years

At Smallwood, we follow the Early Years framework, which supports an integrated approach to the Early Years.

History comes under the umbrella ‘Understanding of the world’. 

Pupils will learn:

  • To sequence events and objects in order to develop a sense of chronology
  • To ask questions about the past. 
  • To sequence the events that take place in a story using pictures and words.
  • To use simple, time related vocabulary, e.g.  yesterday, today, before, after, old, new.
  • To talk about past and present events in their own lives and those of people they know. 
  • To use a range of resources to find out about the past and to identify similarities and differences between now and the past.

Key Stage One

Pupils are taught about: 

  • Changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these reveal aspects of change in national life. 
  • Events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries]. 
  • The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some are used to compare aspects of life in different periods [for example, Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Pieter Bruegel the Elder and LS Lowry, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison, Mary Seacole and/or Florence Nightingale and Edith Cavell]. 
  • Significant historical events, people and places in their own locality. 

Key stage 2 

Pupils are taught about: 

  • Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. 
  • The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain. 
  • Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots. 
  • The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor.
  • A local history study. 
  • A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066.
  • The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer; The Indus Valley; Ancient Egypt; The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China. 
  • Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world. 
  • A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300.